The link between homework and success
A narrow focus on whether or not homework increases grades and test scores in the short term, therefore, ignores a broader education goal, the development of confident lifelong learners. However, the question arises: does homework improve academic success with wow essay writing? As an educational psychologist, Lyn Corno wrote over twenty years ago, “Homework is a complicated thing”. Much of the research on the link between homework and academic achievement is correlative, preventing a definitive judgment on its academic benefits. Researchers rely on correlational research in this area of study given the difficulties of randomly assigning students to homework / no homework conditions. Although the correlation does not imply causation, extensive research has established that at the middle and high school levels, homework completion is strongly and positively associated with high achievement. Very few studies have reported a negative correlation.
As noted above, the results on the link between homework and academic achievement at the elementary level are mixed. A small number of experimental studies have shown that elementary school students who receive homework do at higher levels than those who do not. These results suggest a causal relationship, but their significance is limited. In the body of correlational research, some studies report a positive link between homework and achievement, some a negative relationship, and still, others show no relationship at all. Why the mixed results? The researchers point out a number of possible factors, such as developmental issues related to how young children learn, the different goals teachers have for younger versus older students, and how researchers define homework.
Certainly, young children still develop skills that allow them to focus on the available material and study effectively. Teachers' goals for their students are also very different in elementary school compared to secondary school. While teachers at both grades rate the value of homework for reinforcing classroom content, students in early grades are more likely to assign homework primarily to foster skills such as responsibility, persistence, and the ability to manage.
Most research focuses on homework in general.
Could a focus on homework in a specific topic further shed light on the link between homework and achievement? A recent meta-analysis did just that by examining the relationship between math/science homework and achievement. Unlike previous findings, researchers reported a stronger relationship between homework and achievement in elementary grades than in college. As the study authors note, one explanation for this finding could be that in elementary school, teachers tend to assign more homework in math than in other subjects, while also assigning tasks more frequently. shorter math. In addition, the authors point out that parents tend to be more involved in young children's math homework and more proficient in math at the elementary level than in college.
In summary, the relationship between homework and primary school achievement is not yet established, but eliminating homework at this level would do a great disservice to children and their families: we know that beliefs about homework children's learning have a powerful impact on their studies. results, and that through homework, parents, and teachers can have a profound influence on the development of positive beliefs.
What is the correct amount?
Harris M. Cooper of Duke University, the leading homework researcher, has reviewed decades of studies of what we know about the relationship between homework and academic achievement. He proposed the “10-minute rule”, suggesting that daily homework be limited to 10 minutes per grade level. So a 1st leveler would do 10 minutes each day and a 4th leveler, 40 minutes. The National Parent Teacher Association and the National Education Association both endorse this guideline, but it's unclear whether the recommended allowances include time for reading, which most teachers want children to do on a daily basis.